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The usage of 帮 (bāng) and 帮忙 (bāngmáng) in Chinese

Apr. 28, 2013

The correct answer for is A.

Translation:

         Wǒ míngtiān bānjiā, nǐ yǒukòng ma?
Jack:我    明天      搬家,你    有空     吗?

          I’m moving to the suburbs tomorrow, are you free?

         Yǒukòng, wǒ qù bāng nǐ ba.
Tony:有空,   我  去   帮    你 吧。

          I’m free. I’ll go help you out.

Explanation:

Both 帮 (bāng) and 帮忙 (bāngmáng) have to do with help, but they differ in the following ways:

1. 帮忙 (bāngmáng)

a. Used as a noun.

Wǒ xūyào nǐ de bāngmáng.
我   需要   你  的     帮忙

I need your help.

b. Used as a verb. When the word 帮忙 (bāngmáng) is used as a verb, the structure is: 帮忙 (bāngmáng) + V + Object.

Qǐng bāngmáng jiějué yíge wèntí.
请          帮忙    解决   一个   问题。

Please help me solve the problem.

Note: 解决(jiějué) is the verb and 一个问题 (yíge wèntí) is the object.

Guòlái! Bāngmáng bān jiājù.
过来!      帮忙     搬    家具。

Come here!  Help move the furniture.

Note: 搬 (bān) is the verb and 家具 (jiājù) is the object.

c. Used as a verb 帮 (bāng, help) and noun 忙 (máng,favor). Place words between 帮 (bāng) and 忙 (máng), such as the measure word 个 (). 帮个忙 (bāng ge máng), meaning “to do somebody a favor.”

Wǒ qǐng nǐ bāng ge máng.
我   请  你    帮   个    忙

I would like you to lend me a hand.

2. 帮 (bāng)

It can only be used as verb when meaning “help” with the structure of 帮 (bāng) + sb + do something. In some oral situations the direct object will be omitted. In the above conversation, Tony says, “我去帮你吧。(Wǒ qù bāng nǐ ba.)” In this sentence, the object is omitted.

Examples:

Qǐng bāng wǒ xiě yìfēng xìn.
请     我   写   一封   信。

Please help me write a letter.

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