Difference Between “也(yě)” and “都(dōu)” in Chinese

Correct Answer: B

也(yě)

” means “also” or “too”. When you do something that someone else also does, you could use “也(yě)”, as in “我也爱唱歌(Wǒyě ài chànggē), I also love singing,” and “我们也爱唱歌(Wǒmen yě ài chànggē), We also love singing.” The subject can be a singular or plural noun.

Example

Simon: Wǒ shì xuésheng. Simon: 我   是  学生。

Simon: I am a student. Jack: Wǒ yě shì xuésheng. Jack: 我   也 是   学生。

Jack: I am also a student. “

都(dōu)

” means “both or all.” “

都(dōu)

” is used to describe a general situation. For example, “他们都是学生(Tāmen dōu shì xuésheng), They are all students, ” and “女生们都喜欢漂亮的裙子(Nǚshēngmen dōu xǐhuan piàoliang de qúnzi), All girls like beautiful skirts.” The subject is usually a collective noun or in plural form.

Example

Sam: Wǒ yào qù xuéxiào. Sam: 我    要   去 学校。

Sam: I am going to the school. Amy: Wǒ yě yào qù xuéxiào.Wǒmen dōu yào qù xuéxiào. Amy: 我   也  要  去  学校。   我们      都    要  去  学校。

Amy: I am also going to the school. We are all going to the school.

Translation of the dialogue:

Jack: Wǒ xǐhuan Michael Jackson. Jack: 我   喜欢    Michael Jackson。

Jack: I like Michael Jackson. James: Nǐ xǐhuan Michael Jackson? Wǒyě xǐhuan Michael Jackson. James: 你喜欢     Michael Jackson?我也   喜欢    Michael Jackson。

James: You like Michael Jackson? I also like Michael Jackson. Jack: Wǒmen dōu xǐhuan Michael Jackson. Jack: 我们       都   喜欢    Michael Jackson。

Jack: We both like Michael Jackson. In the above test, James also likes Michael Jackson, so we should use “也(yě), too,” which is used to imply that the other people feels the same way too. Because Jack and James both like Michael Jackson, we use “都(dōu), both,” which is used to describe a common situation for a group. Therefore, the correct answer is B.

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