Chinese Courses- Chinese Grammar: “是” Sentence
Chinese refers to a sentence with the predicate “是 (shì)” as a “是” sentence. The “是” sentence is an important sentence structure in Chinese. Here are some examples for you.
Wǒ shì liúxuéshēng.
1. 我 是 留学生。
I’m an overseas student.
Tā shì lǎoshī
2. 她 是 老师。
She is a teacher.
In “是” sentence, the object after the verb “是” is used to describe the subject.
For example, in the sentence 她是老师 (Tā shì lǎoshī), the subject “她 (tā)” uses the object “老师 (lǎoshī)” after the verb “是 (shì)” to describe it. The sentence structure is “subject+verb+object.”
The negative forms of the two sentences are as follows:
Wǒ bú shì liúxuéshēng.
1. 我 不 是 留学生。
I’m not an overseas student.
Tā bú shì lǎoshī.
2. 她 不 是 老师。
She isn’t a teacher.
You can see above that a “是” sentence becomes negative when “不” is put before “是.”