Answers to the Exercise on Chinese Grammar – How to express “having to work” in Chinese?

Correct Answer: A
“要(yào),” as an auxiliary verb,  means “should” or “must, ” such as “要写作业(yào xiězuòyè), must do homework,” “要去吃饭(yào qùchīfàn), must go to eat ” etc. Being an auxiliary verb, “要(yào)” should be followed by a verbal phrase.
Linda: Jīntiān xiàwǔ wǒmen qù dǎ lánqiú ba?
Linda:今天  下午   我们     去  打 篮球   吧?

Linda: Shall we play basketball this afternoon?
Bob: Xiàwǔ wǒ yào jiābān, míngtiān zěnmeyàng?
Bob:下午  我  要   加班, 明天       怎么样?

Bob: I have to work overtime this afternoon, how about tomorrow?
On the other hand, “有(yǒu)” is a verb which in contrast to “没有(méiyǒu)” means “have” or “possess,” and is normally followed by a noun phrase, such as “有钱(yǒu qián), have money” and “有水(yǒu shuǐ), have water.”
Wǒ yǒu sāngè hǎo péngyou.
我   有    三个    好   朋友。

I have three best friends.
In the above test, “上班(shàngbān) go to work” is a verbal phrase, so we use “要(yào)” here, which means “have to” or “should.” Therefore, the correct answer is A.

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