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Answer to IB Exam in Chinese A: Let’s Dive into What《屋顶之树》Really Means

Nov. 16, 2018

答案指导:

针对该篇诗歌评论要点应包括:
A. 对全诗的意象以及通过这些意象传达的意义的分析;
B. 对诗歌意义的解读;
C. 对诗中突出的语言、意象、表现手法的特点的讨论。
针对以上答题思路,学生可开放性作答。

参考答案:

1.诗中的这一棵树,生长于屋顶,无花无果,无根无名,诗人在这里用屋顶之树来形容同样孤独的,身处异乡的自己,同时也象征了那些漂泊在外,远离故土的现代都市人。
2.再读全诗,诗中弥漫的孤独之感油然而生。诗人质问它的名字和家族,侧面烘托了它无依无靠。它并非从丛林移植于此,亦非他人种植于此,甚至,它的根须触不到土地。因此,它没有家园,没有归宿。诗人将云和星比作它的孪生兄弟,因为他们同样闲逸而又孤高,却没有独属于自己的精神家园,加深了疏离孤寂之感。在这里,诗中隐隐透露出宇宙与生命的哲思,即便四处飘零,无所归依,也要在孤独中学会寻求内心的充实与满足,探寻生命的意义。

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