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General Chinese

eChineseLearning provides a huge number of Chinese resources for Chinese language learners. The materials in this section are designed to teach Chinese to non-native Chinese learners of various skill levels. These basic Chinese language materials are edited by eChineseLearning's professional teaching staff. And best of all, they are totally FREE! If you are interested in learning Chinese, the basic Chinese language resources in this section will be of a great use to you!

        由于少儿这个教学对象的特殊性,现在大部分对外汉语教师上课会用游戏将课堂变得生动有趣,吸引学生注意力,让学生积极参与中文课堂学习。游戏确实是少儿课堂中引导孩子学习必不可少的一部分,但是过多的游戏带入课堂却并没有达到提高孩子中文水平的目标,反而让孩子课堂上更加依赖游戏,对没有游戏的中文课堂产生抵触情绪甚至开始厌恶中文学习。再加上孩子们对新鲜事物总是充满好奇心,一个游戏玩一段时间也会觉得枯燥无聊。在上过大量的少儿汉语课之后,我总结出以下一些科学高效的方法,让青少年学生不依赖多样化地游戏课堂,也能高效地学好中文。
一.TPR法,提高青少年学生参与度
        什么是TPR?TPR“全身身体反应法”是上世纪60年代由美国心理学教授James Asher(詹姆斯·亚设)提出的。TPR是一种把言语与行为联系在一起的,通过身体动作教授外语的教学方法,也叫领悟法(Comprehension Approach)。
        瑞士教育家裴斯塔洛主张:必须将学生从课堂中所学到的感觉和印象,转化为学生自己的理念,才能表现出来。 换言之,学生不仅要用自己的脑子想,而且要用眼睛看,用耳朵听,用手操作。在面对青少年学生群体学习汉语时,家长或者老师巧妙地使用体态语,对于活泼好动、注意力易分散、理性思维不强的学龄前或小学低年级学生来说,确实大有裨益。
        我在中文课堂讲解生词和课文板块最常用到TPR教学。比如一次课堂上给一个五岁的美国小男孩讲解数字,其中也穿插讲解了在中国文化中怎么用手势表达数字,我把每个数字的手势都编成了一个有趣的动作,例如把数字八编成手枪的姿势,数字六变成羊的动作,让孩子边说边做。之后我说数字他做动作,或者他说数字我做动作。在讲解到数字九的时候学生自己做了一个搞怪的鬼脸。

        学习完生词之后我也会把课文编成动作,和孩子边做边说。如果孩子想要把所有的动作都做会,就需要反复的做动作反复的读,学生其实在不知不觉中就把课文读了很多遍了。结合动作不仅帮助学生理解课文意思,也相对单纯机械性读课文更加有趣。当孩子慢慢习惯这种教学方法之后,会主动提出来自己编动作,充分发挥他们的想象力和创造力。孩子们都非常享受自己编动作的整个过程。
二.利用网络工具,创造教学情景。
        作为一名在线的中文汉语老师可以充分地将网络上的黑科技作为教学工具来提升教学效果,帮助学生更好地融入到课堂中。我在平时的生活中得到了一些启发,找了一些实用有效的电脑软件,其中有一款软件,我最常使用的是里面的场景和魔法。比如在和学生讲解运动游泳时我会利用软件里面场景中的“海底世界“,再配上魔法里的”潜水”,和学生进行对话。当学生看到老师创造的这个场景非常感兴趣,积极的参与到和我的对话当中。在和学生讲解动物时,软件的“魔法”里有着各种各样的软萌可爱的动物耳朵,当学生看到头顶着软萌可爱的猫耳朵的Olivia老师在给自己讲解猫咪的时候,又开心又好奇地和老师对话,时不时地还会提出一些问题。同时,软件里会有一些搞怪的特效,学生看了之后总是哈哈大笑。我便以表演特效为奖励鼓励学生多说中文,当学生学习得不错时,我会说:“你刚刚说得很棒,老师来表演喷火给你看。”于是,我的学生非常激动地看着我表演“喷火”这个特效。接着我会说:“现在我们再来看课本,如果你表现得和刚刚一样好,老师再给你看一个特别好玩的。“
        现在是一个类似的软件层出不穷的时代,作为对外汉语老师,我们也与时俱进,根据学生们的需要和课堂需要,对症下药,用最适合的方式将上课的内容和实用的软件功能结合在一起,给学生创造一个充满童心的课堂环境,增加课堂的趣味性。家长平时也可以用此方法,鼓励青少年学生提高学中文的效率。

三.就地取材,挖掘利用Skype隐性功能
        我们对外汉语课程主要是在Skype上完成的,当然,我们也越来越多地利用微信上课。其实在Skype或者微信上也可以有很多方式来吸引学生的兴趣,充分利用这些隐性功能,课堂的趣味性也能大大的提高,多样化地激励了孩子们大胆地开口说中文。以下我归纳了实践中比较成功的两点。
        第一,Skype的一键拍照功能。在和学生学习心情的生词时,比如,开心,伤心,难过,得意等等。我会和学生说:“现在老师来说你的心情,你做表情,然后老师会给你拍个照,我们一起看你的表情。”然后我接着说,“现在你很开心。”于是学生做出一个开心的表情,我会利用Skype的拍照功能给学生拍照,照片会直接在Skype上发给学生。当学生看到照片上自己搞怪的表情时忍俊不禁,然后更加积极地参与到课堂上来。
        之后转换角色,让学生来下指令,老师做表情,学生拍照,同时也是在检查学生对这些生词的掌握情况,让学生主动说中文。整个过程中,不仅让孩子非常享受上课,也以一种很新颖的方式加深了孩子对生词的理解。相对于学生跟着老师机械性地朗读,通过英文来理解中文的意思,学习效果是显而易见的。在第二节课我做课前复习的时候,我还会把这些照片拿出来问学生:“这张照片上,你现在开心吗?” 当学生再次看到自己的表情,一张哭丧着脸的样子,会积极地回应老师的问题。二次利用同样也是进行了有效地复习和巩固。利用微信上课时,老师们也会利用微信截图功能以同样的方式让孩子们参与到课堂当中。

        第二,Skype上各种各样的Emoji和gif。在上过大量的少儿课之后,我发现:全世界的小朋友都喜欢斗图!那么,就得好好利用Skype 的这一功能和孩子们的心理。当讲到动物的时候,我会说:“现在我有一个动物园,你也有一个动物园,我们分别来介绍介绍我们的动物。”然后在Skype的emoji中找出一只动物说:“我的动物园叫哈哈动物园,动物园里有一只……,你看,它的毛是……颜色。”把动物的emoji发在skype上和给学生描述这只动物,然后让学生说说她的动物园里有什么。整个过程中学生们进行了大量的口语练习。

        或者一节课中看到学生有点分心不太用心的时候,我会没有主题限制,和学生一起用emoji来编一个故事,首先给学生发一个emoji,描述这个emoji,编一个故事开头,然后让学生也找一个emoji,接着老师的故事说。这样一来一往,既可以让学生发挥自己天马行空的想象力,也让学生进行了大量的口语练习。由于编故事有一定难度,学生在说的过程中难免会遇到很多不会说的生词,我常常会好好利用这些机会及时给学生补充,扩大学生的词汇量。

        在平时上课之余,我也常常和eChineseLearning其他经验丰富的老师们一起探讨如何利用这些功能和各种各样主题的课堂结合起来,让学生快速地掌握词语,语法以及句式,并且最终能够做到学以致用。在和老师们交流和分享着一些上课心得时,我发现在我们精心设计的课堂中,学生们不仅会积极地参与到课堂中,他们也常常进行头脑风暴,展现出他们令老师们意想不到的惊人的语言习得能力。有趣的课堂也为学生们施展他们的想象力和创造力提供了一个自由发挥空间。
        总而言之,兴趣是最好的老师,提高课堂趣味性的方式有很多,并不是只能依靠游戏,作为eChineseLearning的对外汉语老师,我们会在抓住孩子对新鲜事物充满好奇心的心理的同时,善于利用网络上的各种资源,多样化提高少儿课堂上的趣味性,最后,提高学生们的汉语学习效率就变得轻而易举了。
(本文作者:eChineseLearning对外汉语教师 Olivia)


Let’s face it. Some aspects of speaking an entirely new language can often be confusing. But Chinese language takes the meaning of “confusing” to a whole new level of challenge, especially as far as it’s homophones are concerned. Pinyin is used to distinguish among the various tones in the Chinese language, and that is very ...


Exercise in the video:
1. A: Jiějie, nǐ néng bāng wǒ ma?
    A:姐姐, 你能帮我吗?
    B: Dāngrán, Becky.
    B:当然,Becky.
    Which of the followings is true? Please choose the best answer.
    A. Becky is asking for help from her sister.
    B. Becky will help her sister.
    C. Becky is questioning her sister.
2. A: It’s too stuffy in here. Amy, wǒ néng kāi ...


Exercises in the Video:
1. A: Jessica, jīntiān wǎnshanɡ wǒmen qù chī huǒɡuō zěnmeyànɡ?
    A:Jessica,今天晚上我们去吃火锅怎么样?
    B: Bù hǎoyìsi, wǒ mínɡtiān kǎoshì. _______________.
    B:不好意思,我明天考试。______________ 。
    What would Jessica say? Please choose the best answer.
    A. Wǒ bú qù.
    A. 我不去。
    B. Wǒ qù.
    B. 我去。
    C. Wǒ méiyǒu qù.
    C. 我没有去。
2. A: Lisa, did you have lunch?
    B: Méi chī, wǒ yào jiǎnféi.
    B:没吃,我要减肥。
    What does Lisa mean? Please choose ...


Exercises in the Video:
1. A: What can I do for you, miss?
    B: …
    What would she say? Please choose the best answer.
    A: Wǒ yào yì tiáo hóng qúnzi.
    A:我要一条红裙子。
    B: Wǒ yào yí jiàn hóng qúnzi.
    B:我要一件红裙子。
    C: Wǒ yào yì bǎ hóng qúnzi.
    C:我要一把红裙子。
2. A: Becky, do you have a white shirt? I have an interview this afternoon.
    B: Don’t worry…
    What would she ...


Have you ever tried to say something in Chinese only to use the wrong tones and say something completely inappropriate or random? Don’t worry! It happens to every Chinese learner in the beginning.
This is because Chinese has a limited number of syllables, only about 30% of what English has, therefore tones are used to distinguish ...


The wellness movement is alive and thriving as people across the world are beginning to focus more on health more than ever before. One aspect of well-being is traditional Chinese medicine. Traditional Chinese medicine (or TCM for short) has developed over thousands of years. It uses mind and body treatments, such as acupuncture and Tai ...


We’ve all used the term “better late than never” to loosely express that it’s perfectly fine to be a bit late, at least sometimes. In Chinese, there’s an idiom that somewhat scolds, or mocks tardiness, or people who put things off until the very last minute.
In Chinese, “临时抱佛脚 (línshí bàofójiǎo)” might be easy for ...


Introducing yourself in a business setting takes practice and finesse. As the economy develops, more and more Chinese companies hire foreign employees. Besides your aptitude for the job, language ability is also vital in a job interview in the current market.
Interview in Chinese is “面试 (miànshì).” Just the mention of the word is enough to ...


Making a correlation between two things you want to say in Chinese often results in nothing but confusion. While the term “more” is often used in English to describe an increase, looking a bit further into this world, which can bring a deeper understanding of the word’s construction and use in daily conversation while speaking ...


During the process of Mandarin Learning, it’s quite common to run into confusing problems that create humorous situations. In that case, we will introduce some learning points through the jokes.
Although they are fun to read about, they also serve as good cautionary stories to learn with a native Chinese teacher so they can explain these ...


April 15th 2019
Jìn rì, “jiǔ jiǔ liù” zài Zhōngguó chéngwéi rèdiǎn huàtí, ā lǐ bā bā、 jīng dōng děng qǐyè de fùzé rén xiāngjì jiù “jiǔ jiǔ liù” fābiǎo kànfǎ.
近日,”996″在中国成为热点话题,阿里巴巴、京东等企业的负责人相继就”996″发表看法。
Recently, “996″ has become a hot topic in China. Alibaba, JD.com, and other major companies’ CEOs have responded to the topic in succession.

Suǒ ...


Here we are going to introduce 3 TV shows that are recommended for Chinese language learners. Not only does it train your ear for listening skills but you also get to be exposed to Chinese culture as well. This is a great way to create a more immersive environment and can be a wonderful supplement ...


Chinese slang words are often unheard of when studying the language at a traditional school. There’s a crop of slang words that are used regularly and related to animals. You can describe people, and things using funny and mildly, snarky phrases that are quite common.
Each slang described in this article has a literal meaning, ...


On March, Chinese chairman, Xi Jinping, met with French President, Macron in Nice. During the state visit, chairman Xi received a warm reception as well as a precious gift from the French President.
There is an old Chinese motto, “有朋自远方来,不亦乐乎? (yǒu péng zì yuǎnfāng lái, bú yì lè hū?) Is it not delightful to have ...


In the first part of this two-part article, we learned about the stories of “孟姜女哭长城 (Mèng Jiāng Nǚ Kū ChángChéng) Lady Meng Jiang’s Bitter Weeping” and “梁山伯与祝英台 (Liáng Shānbó Yǔ Zhù Yīngtái) The Butterfly Lovers.”
While in today’s second half, we will go over the remaining two legends, “白蛇传 (BáiShé Zhuàn) Legend of Lady White Snake” ...


Key Words (Preview)
中文 (Zhōngwén) the Chinese language; Chinese

汉语 (Hànyǔ) Chinese (language)

普通话 (Pǔtōnghuà) Mandarin

When it comes to language learning, the popular opinion among non-native Chinese people is that Chinese is one of the most difficult languages in the world, if not the hardest. Some people have the impression that it is nearly impossible ...


Here is the second part of the popular “Top 3 Chinese Street Foods You Have to Try” series that you all have been patiently waiting for. If you want to know more about Chinese street foods favorites, you are sure to find it below. 
In the last food article, we discovered 3 of the street ...


A video community app focused primarily on young people became popular recently in China. It is a social platform for 15-second creative music videos called “抖音 (dǒu yīn) an app similar to musical.ly.” With more and more people using it, songs shared on this app become very popular as well.
One of the Best Travel APP ...


Bargaining is an art and may be very helpful in daily life. At least, it is so often used in most markets and back-street clothes shops. And when you want to bargain over the price with the salesman. “卖家 (mài jiā) The seller” usually use this Chinese phrase “一分钱,一分货 (yì fēn qián, yì fēn huò) ...


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