Nǐ xīwàng qù nǎgè guójiā lǚ yóu ?
你 希望 去 哪个 国家 旅游？
Which country would you like to travel to?
Analysis: The verb “希望 (to hope/to wish/to want)” suggests having a certain purpose or a situation in mind. “哪个 (which)”, an interrogative word, is generally found before a noun, in this case, “哪个国家 (which country)”. The sentence pattern being tested is: 去 (to go)+PW+V…
Bōlí zhōngjiān bèi dǎpò le.
玻璃 中间 被 打破 了。
The glass was broken in the middle.
Analysis: This question requires an understanding of sentences that use the passive indicator “被”. The sentence pattern being tested is: O+被+S+V.
Tā mǎi de zhèxiē lízǐ hěn tián.
他 买 的 这些 梨子 很 甜。
The pears he bought are very sweet.
Analysis: The sentence pattern being tested is: leading modifier+S+Adv+Adj. “他买的 ([which] he bought)” modifies the subject “这些梨子 (these pears)”. “很 (very)” functions as an adverb, while “甜 (sweet)” is an adjective, making use of an Adv+Adj structure.
Qǐng nǐ zài lìngwài yígè chuāngkǒu páiduì.
请 你 在 另外 一个 窗口 排队。
Please line up at another window.
Analysis: The word “请 (please)”acts as a verb to indicate politeness, and is used before a verb clause to indicate an expectation or desire for someone else to do something. The preposition “在” marks the place, time, or scope involved in an action or situation as such: 在+ place/time. The sentence pattern being tested is: 在+PW+V. “另外 (other)” is a demonstrative pronoun and, referring to a person or thing outside the scope of what is said, is often followed by a noun. “一个 (one)”, a number + measure word and the noun “窗口 (window)” noun, constitute the structure: Number+MW+N.
Érzi tóngyì yǐhòu bù chī táng le.
儿子 同意 以后 不 吃 糖 了。
The son agreed to stop eating candy.
Analysis: The verb “同意 (to agree)”, expresses approval of a claim. “以后 (later/after)” denotes a time period after now or after a certain time. “不 (no)” signifies negation and is often used before verbs. The verb “吃 (to eat)” and the noun “糖 (candy)” form a verb-object structure. “了” functions as an auxiliary word at the end of a sentence or at a pause in a sentence to express a change or a new situation.