Toll Free - U.S.& Canada:  1-800-791-9386   Hong Kong:  800-930-623   Australia:  1-800-779-835
Free online Chinese learning support
  • Follow us on Facebook!
  • Watch Our YouTube Videos!
  • Follow us on Twitter!
  • Follow us on WeChat!
    Follow Us in WeChat by Scanning!
    Follow Us in "WeChat"
    by Scanning
  • Follow us on LinkedIn
  • Explore Our Instagram Videos & Photos!
United Kingdom:  0-800-086-8969   Germany:  0-800-180-0341   Singapore:  800-130-1652
France:  0-805-080-689   Spain:  900-838-906    

Answer to the difference between “也(yě)” and “还(hái)”

May. 29, 2014

Correct Answer: B

In Chinese, both “还(hái)” and “也()” can be used as adverbs in the latter part of a compound sentence to indicate “also.” However, they do not have the exact same meaning, nor are they interchangeable. Today we are going to learn the difference between these two words and focus on how to use them correctly.

The two parts of a compound sentence linked by “也()” can share the same subject or have two different subjects. Furthermore, “也()” stresses neither the first nor the second part of a compound sentence.

If “也()” links a compound sentence with the same subject, the two parts use the same predicate. When used in this way, a compound sentence is the same as a simple sentence with “和() and.”

Examples

    Lisa xǐhuan chànggē, xǐhuan tiàowǔ.
1. Lisa 喜欢     唱歌,    喜欢     跳舞。

    Lisa likes singing and she also likes dancing.

   Lisa xǐhuan chànggē hé tiàowǔ.
= Lisa 喜欢     唱歌       和  跳舞。

   Lisa likes singing and dancing.

   Wǒ huì shuō yīngyǔ, huì shuō hànyǔ.
2. 我 会    说     英语, 会  说     汉语。

   I can speak English and I can also speak Chinese.

   Wǒ huì shuō yīngyǔ hé hànyǔ.
= 我   会   说    英语     和 汉语。

   I can speak English and Chinese.

If one person falls into the same situation as another person then we use “也().” In these types of sentences, both parts of the sentence have their own subjects.

Examples

   Wǒ xǐhuan chī píngguǒ, tā xǐhuan chī píngguǒ.
1. 我    喜欢    吃   苹果,  他  喜欢    吃  苹果。

    I like eating apples and he also likes eating apples.

    Jim: Betty,  nǐ zuìjìn zěnmeyàng?
2. JimBetty,你 最近 怎么样?

    Jim: Betty, how have you been recently?

   Betty: Wǒ zuìjìn hěn hǎo. Nǐ ne?
   Betty:我   最近   很   好。你 呢?

   Betty: I am fine these days. What about you?

   Jim: hěn hǎo.
   Jim:我  很    好。

   Jim: I am fine, too.

However, sentences with “还(hái)” give additional information which stresses the action of the latter part of the sentence. Also, the two parts of the sentence always share the same subject. We can translate “还(hái)” into “not only… but also.” Because of this, the sentence cannot be short and simple, a compound sentence is required.

Examples

Lisa xǐhuan chàng’gē, hái xǐ huan tiàowǔ.
Lisa  喜欢     唱歌,     喜欢      跳舞。

Lisa not only likes singing, but she also likes dancing.

Wǒ huì shuō yīngyǔ, hái huì shuō hànyǔ.
我   会   说     英语, 会  说     汉语。

I not only can speak English, but I also can speak Chinese.

Translation of the dialogue

Zhāng Míng: Nǐ hǎo, wǒ yào yí kuài dàngāo, háiyào yì bēi kāfēi.
张        明:   你 好,我  要   一 块    蛋糕,  还要    一 杯 咖啡。

Zhang Ming: Hello, I want a piece of cake and a cup of coffee.

Lǐ Xīn: Wǒ yě yào yí kuài dànɡāo. Xiè xie.
李 欣:   我  也 要   一 块    蛋糕。   谢  谢。

Li Xin: I also want a piece of cake. Thanks.

In our test, because Zhang Ming ordered a piece of cake and he added a cup of coffee to his order, we can only use “还(hái).” Li Xin makes the same choice as Zhang Ming, so we can only use “也().” Therefore, the correct answer is B.

<<Back to “Chinese Test: The difference between ‘也(yě)’ and ‘还(hái)’”

General Chinese (Beginner Level) 

General Chinese (Intermediate Level) 

Got questions? Take a free 1-to-1 lesson with one of our professional teachers by signing up below:
Name: 
E-mail: 
Country/Region: 
-select-

search no result

Tel: 
By clicking Submit, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.
Your email address and phone number
will be kept STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.
Submit

Write a comment

Your Name: 
Your Email:  Your email address will not be published.
Comments: 
Verification Code:  Verification Code Unclear? Try another one
By clicking Submit, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.
Email This Article
Recipients' email addresses:
(separate recipients with comma)
Your name:
Your e-mail address (optional):
Your message (optional):
Verification Code:
By clicking Send, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.


Get 11 FREE Mandarin E-books
Sign up for a free trial now!
Get more information about our Chinese lessons through live chat
Get a FREE live 1-to-1 lesson and FREE e-books. Complete the form below:
Name:
E-mail:
Country/Region:
-select-

search no result

Tel:
By clicking Submit, you agree to our
Terms of Service
and Privacy Policy.
Your email address and phone number
will be kept STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL.