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穿 and戴 drive Chinese language learners crazy!

Jan. 2, 2013

The right answer is B.

Explanation: Both 穿 (chuān) and 戴 (dài) are verbs meaning to put on or wear. In English, you can say “wear a hat,” or “wear clothes,” but in Chinese, wearing a hat equates to 帽子 (dài màozi) and wearing clothes equates to 穿衣服 (chuān yīfu).So, the correct answer is B. The words 穿 (chuān) and 戴 (dài) really drive language students crazy.

Here, we’ll will try to give you some general guidelines when using 穿 (chuān) and 戴 (dài). Generally, 穿 (chuān) is used when referring to frequent or habitual actions or behaviors, such as wearing clothes (穿衣服, chuānyīfu), trousers (穿裤子, chuān kùzi), socks (穿袜子, chuān wàzi), skirts (穿裙子, chuān qúnzi), shoes (穿鞋, chuān xié) and so on.

戴 (dài) is used to refer to accessories, for example, gloves, caps, hats, necklaces, rings, ear-rings, glasses etc. You may notice that those articles that collocate with the word 穿 (chuān) are indispensable parts of a person’s everyday wardrobe, while those with the word 戴 (dài) are mainly decorative and in a sense, non-essential clothing.

Also, for scarf (围巾wéijīn), you can say 围巾 (dài wéijīn), or 围围巾 (wéi wéijīn) with the latter more often used. Here, the first word 围 (wéi) is a verb meaning to wrap. So, literally it refers to wrapping a scarf around your neck. Examples: Tā  xǐhuan dài xiàngliàn. 1. 她    喜欢   项链。 She likes wearing necklaces. Tā bù xǐhuan chuān gāogēnrxié. 2. 她  不   喜欢    穿 高跟儿鞋。 She doesn’t like wearing high heels.

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Comments

Hello Maie,

Thanks for your attention. We hope it is useful to help you learn Chinese.

Thank you, very interesting and clear.

Thank you for your lesson. It is very helpful for me.

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