Answer to Chinese Quiz: Extending Holiday Greetings

Answer: A

Answer Analysis:

Jīntiān shì shèngdànjié, wǒ xiǎng sòng nǐ yí fèn shèngdàn lǐwù, zhù nǐ shèngdàn kuàilè!
今天   是      圣诞节,   我    想       送    你 一 份    圣诞     礼物,祝 你    圣诞      快乐 !
Today is Christmas, I want to give you a Christmas present, and wish you a Merry Christmas!

Key words:

礼物 (lǐwù) present

快乐 (kuàilè) happy

This is a holidays type of question, and students should be able to recognize the fixed way of expressing holiday greetings. For example, certain verbs go with different expressions, such as with “送 (sòng)” and “礼物 (lǐwù).” The verb “送 (sòng) give” is generally paired with the word “礼物 (lǐwù) present.” The verb “祝 (zhù) wish” goes with most holiday greetings and is paired with “快乐 (kuàilè) happy.” Such as the expression, “祝你圣诞快乐 (zhù nǐ shèngdàn kuàilè) I wish you a Merry Christmas” is a fixed holiday greeting. This has the same functioning and form in the expressions “祝你新年快乐 (zhù nǐ xīnnián kuàilè) I wish you a Happy New Year” and “祝你生日快乐 (zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè) I wish you a happy birthday.” From this structure, you know that in the quiz above, the answer is A.

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