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Answer to Chinese Quiz: A Sweet Surprise for Your Teacher

Nov. 9, 2017

Answer: B

Analysis:
1. 为 (wèi): for.

When you work for a company, or do other sorts of physical (and even mental) activities for another party, you’re likely to use the Chinese preposition 为 (wèi), which is often translated into English as “for,” a translation which is often unnatural or unnecessary depending on the particular phrase.

Structure:
为 + (Some Part) + Verb / (Verb Phrase)

Example:
Tā wèi wǒ zuò le hěnduō shì.
他  为 我  做   了  很多     事 。
He’s done a lot for me.

2. 用 (yòng): to use; by means of

Example:
Wǒ yòng qiānbǐ jì xià le tā de diànhuà hàomǎ.
我   用     铅笔  记 下 了 他 的   电话      号码。
I noted down his telephone number with a pencil.

3. 以 (): with; by; to use.

Example:
Tā yǐ gāo xiàolǜ wánchéng le nà jiàn gōngzuò.
她 以  高   效率     完成    了 那  件     工作。
She did the job with great efficiency.

4. 把 ()

A basic sentence in Mandarin is formed with a subject-verb-object (SVO) word order, as in English:
Subj. + Verb Phrase + Obj.

A “把 ()” sentence shakes things up a bit, and you get this structure:
Subj. + 把 + Obj. + Verb Phrase

In the quiz above, that sentence is matching the structure: Subj. + 把 + Obj. + Verb Phrase. And “把 + something + 送给 + somebody” is a fixed structure which means “give something to somebody.”

Example:
Tā bǎ xiānhuā sòng gěi le zhōngwén lǎoshī.
他 把   鲜花      送   给 了    中文      老师。
He gave the flowers to the Chinese teacher.

So B is the correct answer.

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Comments

老师 您好,请问我想知道半边天是什么意思和意义

Hi 艾丝,

半边天是用来比喻现代妇女的巨大力量能顶半边天,泛指妇女。多用来强调或称赞妇女作用大,也特指妇女或妻子。
It is likened to women who can play an equal part in the new society. It is mainly used to emphasize or praise the important role of women or wives.

Hope it helps!

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