Answer to Chinese Quiz: A Sweet Surprise for Your Teacher

Answer: B

1. 为 (wèi): for.

When you work for a company, or do other sorts of physical (and even mental) activities for another party, you’re likely to use the Chinese preposition 为 (wèi), which is often translated into English as “for,” a translation which is often unnatural or unnecessary depending on the particular phrase.


为 + (Some Part) + Verb / (Verb Phrase)


Tā wèi wǒ zuò le hěnduō shì.
他  为 我  做   了  很多     事 。
He’s done a lot for me.

2. 用 (yòng): to use; by means of

Wǒ yòng qiānbǐ jì xià le tā de diànhuà hàomǎ.
我   用     铅笔  记 下 了 他 的   电话      号码。
I noted down his telephone number with a pencil.

3. 以 (yǐ): with; by; to use.

Tā yǐ gāo xiàolǜ wánchéng le nà jiàn gōngzuò.
她 以  高   效率     完成    了 那  件     工作。
She did the job with great efficiency.

4. 把 (bǎ)

A basic sentence in Mandarin is formed with a subject-verb-object (SVO) word order, as in English:
Subj. + Verb Phrase + Obj.
A “把 (bǎ)” sentence shakes things up a bit, and you get this structure:
Subj. + 把 + Obj. + Verb Phrase
In the quiz above, that sentence is matching the structure: Subj. + 把 + Obj. + Verb Phrase. And “把 + something + 送给 + somebody” is a fixed structure which means “give something to somebody.”


Tā bǎ xiānhuā sòng gěi le zhōngwén lǎoshī.
他 把   鲜花      送   给 了    中文      老师。
He gave the flowers to the Chinese teacher.

So B is the correct answer.

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2 thoughts on “Answer to Chinese Quiz: A Sweet Surprise for Your Teacher”

    1. jennifer.zhu

      Hi 艾丝,

      It is likened to women who can play an equal part in the new society. It is mainly used to emphasize or praise the important role of women or wives.

      Hope it helps!

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