Answer to the Question on Placement of Question Words in Chinese Sentences

Answer: B
Questions words like “谁(shuí), who,” “什么(shénme), what,” “哪里(nǎlǐ), where,” and “哪个(nǎgè), which” are often used to form questions in Chinese. And the placement of question words is actually a little easier than it is in English, because in the Chinese language we don’t change the word order like English does when forming questions.
In the Chinese language, the word order of questions is the same as that of declarative sentences. You simply place a question word in the place of the thing you want to ask about. Nothing needs to be rearranged.


          Nǐ shénme shíhou lái?
Tom:你 什么      时候    来?

          When are you coming?
Lǐ Méi: Wǒ míngtiān lái.
李 梅:我  明天        来。

Li Mei: I’m coming tomorrow.


           Nǐ zài nǎr?
Lucy:你 在 哪儿?

          Where are you?
Zhāng Lì: Wǒ zài Xī’ ān.
张      丽:我  在  西安。

Zhang Li: I’m in Xi’an.


        Zhè shì shénme?
Lily:这   是   什么?

        What are these?
Wáng Míng: Zhè shì jiǎozi.
王       明:   这   是  饺子。

Wang Ming: These are dumplings.
In our test, the question word “谁(shuí), who” should replace “新来的同事,李明(xīn lái de tóngshì, Lǐ Míng)” to form a question. And we don’t need to change the word order. So the answer is B.
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