”万圣节 (wànshèngjié) Halloween” is celebrated on October 31st in many countries around the world, and even though it’s not a Chinese holiday, over the years it has become very popular in China, Taiwan, and other Asian countries and regions. But today we won’t spend much time on the cultural background of this holiday – since you may very know more than me!
I have realized that some Mandarin Chinese Halloween vocabulary words are quite literal in their meanings, and I’d like to take a look at them together with you!
As soon as the fall hits, we start to see the familiar trappings of the spooky holiday – jack o’ lanterns, bats, skeletons and spider webs, to name a few.
These stand out among the familiar fall tropes like leaves, scarfs, and warm drinks, and set the stage for the fun night when people get to dress up and pretend to be someone (or something) they’re not!
1. 南瓜 (nánguā): (n.) pumpkin
南瓜灯 (nánguā dēng): (n.) jack o’ lantern
lù de liǎngbiān guà mǎnle nánguā dēng.
There are pumpkin lanterns on both sides of the road.
wǒ xǐhuān chī nánguā.
I like to eat pumpkin.
2. 骷髅 (kūlóu): (n.) skeleton; skull
tā de yīfú shàng yǒu kūlóu tú’àn.
There is a skull design on his clothes.
kūlóu ràng rén hàipà!
Skeletons are scary!
3. 蜘蛛 (zhīzhū): (n.) spider
蜘蛛网 (zhīzhūwǎng): (n.) spider web; cobweb
zhīzhū yǒu hěnduō tiáo tuǐ.
Spiders have many legs.
qiángbì shàng bù mǎnle zhīzhū wǎng!
The walls are covered with spider webs!
4. 蝙蝠 (biānfú): (n.) bat
biānfú huì fēi.
Bats can fly.
biānfú jīngcháng zài wǎnshàng chūmò.
Bats often appear at night.
On Halloween, everyone wears all kinds of costumes, from simple sheets thrown over the head to elaborate get-ups with scary makeup! China has a good idiom to describe this phenomenon: “奇装异服 (qízhuāngyìfú)”.
奇装异服 (qízhuāngyìfú) means “bizarre dress”. The word “奇” means “novel”, and ”异” means ”special”, so “奇装异服(qízhuāngyìfú)” can be used to mean clothes that are more special than those ordinarily worn. “服装(fúzhuāng)” covers all different kinds of clothes in general, including formal wear, casual clothes, and others.
奇装异服 (qízhuāngyìfú): (n.) bizarre dress
yǒu de rén xǐhuān chuān qízhuāngyìfú, xiǎnde hěn yǒu gèxìng.
Some people like to wear bizarre clothes, it really shows their personality.
Is there anything that “embodies” the “spirit” (pun intended!) of Halloween more than a haunted house? Inside its scary walls, anything can happen! The excitement, unknown, and a bit of fear make for an unforgettable experience (especially youngsters) in such a classic setting.
鬼 (guǐ): (n.) ghost
鬼屋 (guǐwū): (n.) haunted house (lit. “ghost house”)
guǐwū lǐ chōngchìzhe jiān jiào sheng!
The haunted house is full of screams!
guǐwū hěn hǎowán!
Haunted houses are fun!
However you end up celebrating Halloween this year, make sure you stay safe and enjoy your time with friends and family. Of course, if you’re planning on doing some trick-or-treating, then I also wish you good luck in getting your favorite kinds of candy… remember to save some for me!
Please choose the best answer.
What does “奇装异服” mean?
B. Formal dress
C. Casual dress
You May Want to Learn More: