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General Chinese

eChineselearning provides a huge number of Chinese resources for Chinese language learners. The materials in this section are designed to teach Chinese to non-native Chinese learners of various skill levels. These basic Chinese language materials are edited by eChineselearning's professional teaching staff. And best of all, they are totally FREE! If you are interested in learning Chinese, the basic Chinese language resources in this section will be of a great use to you!

As a student of Mandarin Chinese and a native English speaker, there are some things that fascinate me in comparing our two languages. One of these fascinations are the words that have no equivalent between the two languages. Some English words that don’t translate to Chinese are “serendipity” and “dying”. Likewise, in English, we don’t ...


那天出差,我来到北方一个陌生的小城市,投宿在一家普通的旅馆。进进出出的,都是陌生面孔。房间内有三个床位。入晚,仍是我一人;我担心着随时可能闯进一个陌生人来。
我看着电视,荧屏一闪一闪换着人物,很频繁。我略为轻松了。蓦然,荧屏的热热闹闹的人群没了影儿,室内一片漆黑,像隆重的舞会一下断了电。楼外的灯光也消逝了。整幢楼传出惊愕和呼吁。
我摸近写字台,拉开抽屉,捏住了空荡荡的抽屉一隅的半截蜡烛。这是我进入这个房间时,无意中发现的。半支蜡烛,躯干很细很圆,也很凉,它躺了不知多久,几乎被遗忘了,连服务员清理房间时也忽视了它的存在。我捏着它。我没有火柴,捏着蜡烛,走出房门,能看到长长的走廊尽头一扇窗口外边朦胧的夜色。走廊内一片紊乱,开门声、脚步声、召唤声。显然,大家都没料到断电。
于是,我想,我手里的半截蜡烛已有些年月了——人们似乎已经忘记了它的存在。可现在我握着它,生怕它失落,我握着它,我的体温通过掌心温暖了它。
迎面闪过一个身影。我说:有没有火柴?她说没有。她一开口,我才知道是个女性,声音使我想到了山泉。她喊服务员,声音包含着恐慌。我说我有蜡烛。她便朝走廊内毫无目标地喊,谁有火柴打火机,点个亮。她仿佛向人间呼吁。
我继续试探着朝走廊尽头的窗口方向走。我的眼睛渐渐适应了突然降临的黑暗。我像持着旗帜招兵买马,我大声喊,我有蜡烛,谁有火柴。那个女性也尾随着我协同呐喊。我说:这么多旅客,肯定会有火柴的。似乎自言自语,似乎在安慰她。
数步远,猛然跳出一朵火苗,像茫茫戈壁的暗夜中遥远处闪现出一堆篝火。他说快点快点。一个中年男子粗犷的喉音。
我赶上前,蜡烛的顶端棉芯接触了打火机的火苗,像恋人美好深情的吻。蜡烛的火苗陶醉般地摇摇晃晃,渐渐明亮起来,欢跃起来。它的光亮映出其他两张绽开了微笑的脸,接着,又惊喜地围过来几张陌生的脸,都笑着。我看着他们并不陌生的陌生的脸,我也笑了。我没急于返回房间。这亮光属于众人,我不能独自享用。
她说:你倒有经验,出差还备着这玩意儿。
我说:我在抽屉里发现的——我可没先见之明,现在出差到哪里会没有电灯呢?
在城市,蜡烛已成稀罕物了。
我托着蜡烛,缓缓地走过一张张敞开的门——迎接光明的门,我十分乐意地接受里边的旅客偶尔提出借个光的要求。他们是在寻觅断电的瞬间失却或遗落的物件;找着了那物件,像重逢一样的欢欣,简直显出孩童的纯真。
我的心房也随着烛光一亮一亮闪动。这个旅馆这座城市不再陌生和恐惧。
经过一扇一扇敞开的门,我到达了房间。又是意外,霍然灯火通明,荧屏又出现一个彩色的世界。走廊传来惊喜的声音,接着,纷纷“砰砰”的关闭房门的响声。我也关上了房门。
谢志强, 选自《中国当代小小说精品库》第三册(“秋之卷”)1996
生词 (shēngcí) Vocabulary
1. 隆重 (lóngzhòng): adj. grand; solemn; ceremonious.

2. 惊愕 (jīng’è): adj. stunned; stupefied.

3. 恐慌 (kǒnghuāng):adj. panic; scare; terrified.

4. 招兵买马 (zhāo bīng mǎi mǎ): v. raise or enlarge an army; recruit followers.

5. 粗犷 (cūguǎng): adj. rough; rude; boorish.

6. 寻觅 (xúnmì): v. seek; look for.

问题:
1. 随着情节的发展,故事中人与人之间的关系发生了什么变化?这些变化揭示了什么道理?
2. 作者如何通过各种文学表现手法的运用来更有效地传达作品的寓意?
答案指导
1.先找出故事中都有哪些人物,然后再通过人物之间的语言、心理活动等信息来组织答案,这道题要把答题重点放在“变化”上。
2.不同的文体有不同的表现手法,考生需要先确定该篇文章属于何种文体,文章底下有交代该文章的背景信息,可知它属于“小说”文体,那么接下来考生可从“小说”文体一些的常用表现手法入手进行分析作答。(小说体常用的表现手法有:描写手法、烘托手法、伏笔和照应、悬念和释念、实写与虚写等。)
针对以上答题思路,学生可开放性作答。
Further ...


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Exercise in the Video:
1. A: Nǐ mǎi yágāo ma?
    A: 你买牙膏吗?
    B: …
What would she say?
A. 我买牙膏。(Wǒ mǎi yágāo.)
B. 我没有牙刷。(Wǒ méiyǒu yáshuā.)
C. 我不买洗面奶。(Wǒ bù mǎi xǐmiànnǎi.)
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Have you ever hear the Chinese term 爆表 (bàobiǎo)? Currently this term is extremely popular among young Chinese people and its all over the internet! This fun term originally referred to when a meter “explodes,” or the reader is higher than what the instrument can read, for example, there is an AQI over 500 but ...


No matter where you are, when you have to go to the restroom, you REALLY have to go. You know what that means. Learning to ask for directions to a public restroom is a critical skill surviving in China.

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May I…? Can I…? You can do this…or that…Learn different usages of “可以 (kěyǐ)”.

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Today, I want to teach you a fun way to describe rain. I taught this colloquial term to some of my students and they just loved it! It is a very imaginative word that makes the weather sound much more interesting. Furthermore, it always rains in southern cities in China, especially in the early months ...


Up until the 1960s, China had a birthrate of about six children per woman. Since then, the birthrate has gone down drastically to between one or two per woman. This means that children are receiving extra attention in the family. When children in China turn one month old (their first moon phase), parents want to ...


From listening to music and playing sports, to taking photos and playing video games, I have lots of hobbies. What are yours?

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Plans Foiled? “泡汤 (pàotāng)”!
“泡汤 (pàotāng)”? Pick Yourself Up and Move Ahead!
Our lives are filled with hopes and dreams. Unfortunately, part of our life experience is to watch those hopes dashed to pieces! On a positive note, we can learn from heartbreak and approach our future challenges with more wisdom and experience in our next effort.
As ...


In life, it’s important to “know your skills” as well as what you “can and can’t do” in life. Teacher Becky shows you a valuable way to express this in today’s lesson!

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“Do You Have Time?” is a common question in any language when talking to friends. In Chinese, it’s quite simple to learn how to ask and answer this everyday question.

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“Your Chinese is probably the worst in the class.” A classmate said jokingly to my close friend in a study abroad program. Although her Chinese was not the best, it definitely wasn’t the worse. Yet, she took his teasing very personally and I am pretty sure even cried about it later!
Afterwards, my Chinese roommate taught ...


“Do You Have Time?” is a common question in any language when talking to friends. In Chinese, it’s quite simple to learn how to ask and answer this everyday question.

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月 (Yuè) originally means moon but stands for “month” here, since the moon goes through its phrases each month. 一月 (Yī yuè) simply means “the first month of the year”. Since the year starts in January, 一月 (Yī yuè) means January.

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Something students learning Chinese should know is that learning just the language isn’t enough—one must also study Chinese culture. Every culture has its own morals and societal frameworks that the citizens find very important to uphold. If a Chinese student misses these, then living in China—even knowing Chinese—can present some problems. A place to start ...


As a Mandarin Chinese teacher, I’ve noticed that many of my foreign students use Chinese in conversation as much as possible, but by instinct they will usually use English or other non-Chinese expressions such as “oh my god!”, “just a minute” or “thank goodness!” when they suddenly need them to express their feelings. It’s instinct, ...


Speaking about the days of the week is essential to have basic conversation in Mandarin Chinese. Fortunately, it’s very simple and fast to learn. Teacher Becky is here to help in today’s lesson!

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It’s a quarter past eight now. Oh my god! I forgot the interview at half past eight.

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You want to take the metro to see a friend, but you don’t know how to get to the metro station. Now you need to ask for directions.

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