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General Chinese

eChineselearning provides a huge number of Chinese resources for Chinese language learners. The materials in this section are designed to teach Chinese to non-native Chinese learners of various skill levels. These basic Chinese language materials are edited by eChineselearning's professional teaching staff. And best of all, they are totally FREE! If you are interested in learning Chinese, the basic Chinese language resources in this section will be of a great use to you!

Today I will introduce to you one of my favorite lessons that I teach my foreign students. This topic is about how we address each other in China. It’s quite different from how people in the west address each other. In particular, I will explain to you all of the different ways that a man ...


Today I’m going to tell you about one of China’s most beloved summer time snacks. They are bright red when cooked. They come from the water. They have ten legs and two claws. Lobster, you might think? Guess again!
Over the past twenty years, the Chinese have gone crazy for the lobster’s tiny cousin. The ...


1. About Learning Mandarin Chinese
Mandarin Chinese is the official language of Mainland China and Taiwan. There are many versions of Chinese spoken throughout China; including Cantonese (spoken in Guangdong province), the Beijing dialect and the Shanghai dialect; but Mandarin Chinese is most common dialect spoken by Chinese people from all areas.
Mandarin Chinese is known as ...


Do you watch The Bachelor or Bachelorette?
In each show the main hero or heroine (who we label as the Bachelor or Bachelorette) hands out a series of roses to contestants who he or she favors and a final rose to let the final contestant who he or she picks to be his or her wife ...


In a previous article, I introduced Chinese songs for children and adults to learn if you are a beginner to intermediate level learner of Mandarin Chinese. In today’s article I will suggest some songs that are more suitable for advanced learners of Chinese.
Singing songs together is one of the most popular pastimes for Chinese people. ...


Today I’m going to introduce some fun and helpful Chinese songs that you can learn, from beginner to intermediate level. These songs can supplement your Mandarin Chinese progress and make things a bit more fun. In fact, one of my favorite parts of teaching Chinese is introducing songs for my students of all levels to ...


Because the internet is changing the world on a daily basis, it is also changing the way we converse with one another. Yes, our language is changing! You can see it in English with words like “fitspo”-a combination of fitness and inspiration, which is used to motivate you to keep in shape.
With the onset of ...


When teaching my foreign students the importance of using the correct Mandarin Chinese speaking tones, I often use the example of “问 (wèn) ask” and “吻 (wěn) kiss” to show how a change of tone can completely change the meaning of a word. This speaking mistake can create an embarrassing situation. Today, I will introduce ...


The grass is always greener on the other hill. Let’s learn how to say “other” in Chinese.

Exercises in the Video:
1. A: Jenny, what are you looking for?
    B: Wǒ xiǎng mǎi mángguǒ.
    A: Zhèi ge chāoshì méiyǒu. Wǒmen qù biéde chāoshì, zěnmeyàng?
    B: Hǎo.
    What would they probably do next? Please choose the best answer.
    ...


Something anyone traveling in China should be aware of is over-exaggerated tours that will rip you off. Often walking down a street of a famous area in China, you will be approached by tour agencies trying to get you to buy some tour to nearby areas for some supposedly low price.
This happened to me once ...


I’m going to introduce a Chinese word that is useful to everyday situations of human interaction. We often use it in group work or when trying to get things accomplished. The word is 帮倒忙 (bāng dàománg) and I’m going to explain how we use it amongst classmates from our Mandarin Chinese classes.
I’m a Chinese language ...


Today, I’m going to teach you a useful Mandarin Chinese phrase to describe uncivilized, or even “disgusting” behavior: 倒胃口 (dǎo wèikǒu). Our Mandarin language teacher taught us this phrase when we were discussing taboos in Chinese culture. So, when can we use this phrase?
Studying in China and leaving “Western culture” for “Eastern culture” is quite ...


Today I will teach you a traditional folk song from Kangding! The song was inspired by local people’s daily work and is a very popular song in China. The Chinese lyrics are relatively simple to learn and the rhythm is much slower than other songs. It is the perfect song to learn for people who ...


It was a lovely summer’s day where I just couldn’t say inside. The beautiful riverside park near my home was calling me. In an unexpected twist that caused the perfect day, I ran into some of my old students playing badminton on the courts. There was one student playing who was very uncoordinated, but so ...


We all decided it would be really funny to prank our teacher for April Fool’s Day. We had painted Easter Eggs as an activity with some local children and they were sitting in the window of our classroom. We thought it would be hilarious to replace the eggs with some baby chicks a classmate had ...


When my Mandarin Chinese students come to China and study in our program, they often think that the stressful, high-pressure days of test-taking are behind them. Not quite!
Mandarin Chinese students have goals to set and reach just as junior high and high school students do. Although in class we focus on speaking and communicating orally, ...


A very enjoyable part of the experience of learning Mandarin Chinese in China is the opportunity to be able to see and experience new parts of the world. Sometimes, those “new” parts are actually quite old!
I’m going to introduce to you some places referred to as “中国四大古都 (Zhōngguó sì dà gǔ dū),” or the “Four ...


As a student of Mandarin Chinese and a native English speaker, there are some things that fascinate me in comparing our two languages. One of these fascinations are the words that have no equivalent between the two languages. Some English words that don’t translate to Chinese are “serendipity” and “dying”. Likewise, in English, we don’t ...


那天出差,我来到北方一个陌生的小城市,投宿在一家普通的旅馆。进进出出的,都是陌生面孔。房间内有三个床位。入晚,仍是我一人;我担心着随时可能闯进一个陌生人来。
我看着电视,荧屏一闪一闪换着人物,很频繁。我略为轻松了。蓦然,荧屏的热热闹闹的人群没了影儿,室内一片漆黑,像隆重的舞会一下断了电。楼外的灯光也消逝了。整幢楼传出惊愕和呼吁。
我摸近写字台,拉开抽屉,捏住了空荡荡的抽屉一隅的半截蜡烛。这是我进入这个房间时,无意中发现的。半支蜡烛,躯干很细很圆,也很凉,它躺了不知多久,几乎被遗忘了,连服务员清理房间时也忽视了它的存在。我捏着它。我没有火柴,捏着蜡烛,走出房门,能看到长长的走廊尽头一扇窗口外边朦胧的夜色。走廊内一片紊乱,开门声、脚步声、召唤声。显然,大家都没料到断电。
于是,我想,我手里的半截蜡烛已有些年月了——人们似乎已经忘记了它的存在。可现在我握着它,生怕它失落,我握着它,我的体温通过掌心温暖了它。
迎面闪过一个身影。我说:有没有火柴?她说没有。她一开口,我才知道是个女性,声音使我想到了山泉。她喊服务员,声音包含着恐慌。我说我有蜡烛。她便朝走廊内毫无目标地喊,谁有火柴打火机,点个亮。她仿佛向人间呼吁。
我继续试探着朝走廊尽头的窗口方向走。我的眼睛渐渐适应了突然降临的黑暗。我像持着旗帜招兵买马,我大声喊,我有蜡烛,谁有火柴。那个女性也尾随着我协同呐喊。我说:这么多旅客,肯定会有火柴的。似乎自言自语,似乎在安慰她。
数步远,猛然跳出一朵火苗,像茫茫戈壁的暗夜中遥远处闪现出一堆篝火。他说快点快点。一个中年男子粗犷的喉音。
我赶上前,蜡烛的顶端棉芯接触了打火机的火苗,像恋人美好深情的吻。蜡烛的火苗陶醉般地摇摇晃晃,渐渐明亮起来,欢跃起来。它的光亮映出其他两张绽开了微笑的脸,接着,又惊喜地围过来几张陌生的脸,都笑着。我看着他们并不陌生的陌生的脸,我也笑了。我没急于返回房间。这亮光属于众人,我不能独自享用。
她说:你倒有经验,出差还备着这玩意儿。
我说:我在抽屉里发现的——我可没先见之明,现在出差到哪里会没有电灯呢?
在城市,蜡烛已成稀罕物了。
我托着蜡烛,缓缓地走过一张张敞开的门——迎接光明的门,我十分乐意地接受里边的旅客偶尔提出借个光的要求。他们是在寻觅断电的瞬间失却或遗落的物件;找着了那物件,像重逢一样的欢欣,简直显出孩童的纯真。
我的心房也随着烛光一亮一亮闪动。这个旅馆这座城市不再陌生和恐惧。
经过一扇一扇敞开的门,我到达了房间。又是意外,霍然灯火通明,荧屏又出现一个彩色的世界。走廊传来惊喜的声音,接着,纷纷“砰砰”的关闭房门的响声。我也关上了房门。
谢志强, 选自《中国当代小小说精品库》第三册(“秋之卷”)1996
生词 (shēngcí) Vocabulary
1. 隆重 (lóngzhòng): adj. grand; solemn; ceremonious.

2. 惊愕 (jīng’è): adj. stunned; stupefied.

3. 恐慌 (kǒnghuāng):adj. panic; scare; terrified.

4. 招兵买马 (zhāo bīng mǎi mǎ): v. raise or enlarge an army; recruit followers.

5. 粗犷 (cūguǎng): adj. rough; rude; boorish.

6. 寻觅 (xúnmì): v. seek; look for.

问题:
1. 随着情节的发展,故事中人与人之间的关系发生了什么变化?这些变化揭示了什么道理?
2. 作者如何通过各种文学表现手法的运用来更有效地传达作品的寓意?
答案指导
1.先找出故事中都有哪些人物,然后再通过人物之间的语言、心理活动等信息来组织答案,这道题要把答题重点放在“变化”上。
2.不同的文体有不同的表现手法,考生需要先确定该篇文章属于何种文体,文章底下有交代该文章的背景信息,可知它属于“小说”文体,那么接下来考生可从“小说”文体一些常用表现手法入手进行分析作答。(小说体常用的表现手法有:描写手法、烘托手法、伏笔和照应、悬念和释念、实写与虚写等。)
针对以上答题思路,学生可开放性作答。
Further ...


Toothbrush, toothpaste, facial cleanser, facial cream…got everything you need for the trip?

Exercise in the Video:
1. A: Nǐ mǎi yágāo ma?
    A: 你买牙膏吗?
    B: …
What would she say?
A. 我买牙膏。(Wǒ mǎi yágāo.)
B. 我没有牙刷。(Wǒ méiyǒu yáshuā.)
C. 我不买洗面奶。(Wǒ bù mǎi xǐmiànnǎi.)
Watch Video Answer


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